Chapter 1: Rethinking Piracy

Joe Karaganis, Vice President, The American Assembly. Until 2010, Karaganis directed SSRC projects on media, technology, and culture.  His research focuses on the relationship between digital convergence and cultural production, and has recently included work on broadband adoption and data policy. He is the editor of Structures of Participation in Digital Culture (2007) and of “The Politics of Open Source Adoption” (2005).

With Thanks to:

Jaewon Chung, Program Assistant, SSRC
Jinying Li, Department of Cinema Studies, Tisch School of the Arts, New York University
Emmanuel Neisa, Graduate Student, Sciences Polytechnique
Nathaniel Poor, Independent Scholar
Sam Howard Spink, Assistant Professor, Steinhardt School of Music and Performing Arts, New York University
Pedro N. Mizukami, Center for Technology and Society, FGV Direito Rio

Chapter 2: Networked Governance

Joe Karaganis, Program Director, Social Science Research Council

Sean Flynn, Associate Director, Program in Information Justice and Intellectual Property, Washington College of Law, American University.  Sean Flynn teaches courses on the intersection of intellectual property, trade law, and human rights and is the Associate Director of PIJIP. At PIJIP, Professor Flynn designs and manages a wide variety of research and advocacy projects that promote public interests in intellectual property and information law and coordinates the Washington College of Law’s intellectual property and information law academic program.


Susan Sell, Professor, Political Science and International Relations, Elliot School of Foreign Affairs, George Washington University
Mike Palmedo, Assistant Director, Program in Information Justice and Intellectual Property, Washington College of Law, American University
Parva Fattahi, Fellow, Program in Information Justice and Intellectual Property, Washington College of Law, American University

Chapter 3: South Africa

Natasha Primo, National ICT Policy Advocacy (NIPA) Coordinator, Association for Progressive Communications (APC): Natasha Primo is a gender and development practitioner, whose interest in broader ICT public policy issues led her to join the APC policy team between 2007 and September 2010. She served as chair of APC from 2005 to 2007. She was previously executive director of the Women’sNet, launched in 1998 as a joint initiative of South African Non-Governmental Organisation Network (SANGONeT) and the Commission on Gender Equality (CGE). She recenty left APC and is now a consultant working on projects focussed on gender and communications as well as monitoring and evaluation of programmes and projects from a gender perspective. She is based in Johannesburg, South Africa.

Libby Lloyd
, Media Consultant: Libby Lloyd started out as a journalist, working mostly in radio: Capital Radio in South Africa, National Public Radio in the United States and BBC Ireland. She was also active in the Speak media project and was subsequently head of radio training at the Institute for the Advancement of Journalism in Johannesburg.  A councilor with the Independent Broadcasting Authority (the predecessor of Icasa), and founding CEO of the Media Development and Diversity Agency, she is now a consultant, working on projects including media and development issues and policy, focusing on gender and communications. She was chosen as Vodacom Media Woman of the Year in 2005.


Tanja Bosch, Senior Lecturer, University of Cape Town, South Africa
Natalie Brown, Research Assistant and recent MA graduate in Communication and Culture at York University , Toronto, Canada
Adam Haupt, Senior Lecturer, University of Cape Town, South Africa
Julian Jonker, Lecturer, University of Cape Town, South Africa
Nixon Kariithi, Associate Professor, University of Witwatersrand, South Africa

Chapter 4: Russia

Olga Sezneva, Research Fellow, University of Amsterdam: Olga Sezneva joined the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at the University of Amsterdam in December 2009, where she is a fellow at the Institute for Migration and Ethnic Studies. She received her Ph.D. (2005) from New York University and was a Harper Fellow and a Collegiate Assistant Professor at the University of Chicago (2005-09). In 2008, she was invited to join the New Generation group at the Center for Transcultural Studies at the University of Pennsylvania. Her main interests lie at the intersection of migration and urban studies, with particular focus on social memory and space. She is currently working on the book manuscript My Place, Your Memory, which follows transformations of German Königsberg into Russian Kaliningrad after the Second World War. It examines different strategies of forging a collective past, the goals they accomplish, and the implications that they have for urban space and urban design.

Joe Karaganis, Program Director, Social Science Research Council


Irina Olimpieva, Research Fellow, CISR: Irina Olimpieva is a researcher and head of the Social Studies of Economy Research Department at CISR. She holds a Ph.D. (1990) in economic sociology and sociology of labor from the St. Petersberg State University of Economics and Finance. Previously, she was a visiting scholar in the Junior Faculty Development Program at the University of Kansas (1999-2000) and a researcher in the labor research lab at Kujbyshev Economic Institute (1986-87). Her research interests include industrial relations, informal economy, organizational studies, and postsocialist transformation.

Oleg Pachenkov
, Deputy Director, CISR: Oleg Pachenkov became Deputy Director for international relations and strategic development at CISR in 2001, after joining CISR as a research in 1997. He holds a Ph.D. (2009) in Sociology from St. Petersberg State University.  He is a board member and co-editor of the Internet resource “Open-air Market Network” ( and on the editorial board of the new social science journal Laboratorium: Russian Review of Social Research. His current research interests include urban milieus and spaces, urban planning, informal and “street” economies, ethnic minorities, and ethnicity and migration studies.

Anatoly Kozyrev, Chair, Information Technologies Department, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology. Kozyrev (1951) is a Russian economist and mathematician and the author of two books on valuation of intellectual property and intangible assets. He is head of the Intellectual Capital Center at the Central economic-mathematical institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences as well as the Chair at the Information Technologies Department at the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, where his students served as research assistants for this project.

With Thanks to:

Dmitry Pigorev, Lecturer, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Chapter 5: Brazil

Oona Castro, Director, Instituto Overmundo: Oona Castro leads the Open Business project, within the Center for Technology and Society at the FGV School of Law. She holds a Bachelor degree in Communications/Journalism and has held positions in VisitBritain, as Press and Trade Executive; the British Council, as Web Officer; the Municipal Secretary of Public Administration of the City Hall of São Paulo, as Press Officer; the Municipal Coordination of the Electronic Government (E-gov) of the City Hall of São Paulo, as Web Officer and collaborator in the Programmes for Digital Inclusion; and Signus Editora, as a reporter trainee. She founded and serves as board member for a social organization called “Intervozes – Coletivo Brasil de Comunicação Social”.

Pedro N. Mizukami
, Center for Technology and Society, FGV Direito Rio: Pedro N. Mizukami is a researcher at the Center for Technology and Society, FGV School of Law, Rio de Janeiro, where he has done work related to copyright law and licensing, Internet regulation, peer-to-peer file sharing and open access publishing. He holds a masters degree in constitutional law from the Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo.

Luiz Fernando Moncau
, Center for Technology and Society, FGV Direito Rio.  Luiz Moncau obtained his LL.B. from the School of Law of Pontifical Catholic Univeristy of São Paulo. Beginning in 2006, he worked as a Lawyer/Policy Analyst in the Advocacy Department of the Brazilian Institute for Consumer Defense (Instituto Brasileiro de Defesa do Consumidor — Idec), with an emphasis on policy research and analysis of consumer protection and served as Idec’s representative in Congress and for press/media and seminars on telecommunications and access to knowledge issues. Prior this appointment, he worked at Idec as a Law Clerk with an emphasis on consumer protection, class actions, and judicial procedures. He is currently part of the Open Business project team at the Center for Technology and Society at FGV.

Ronaldo Lemos
, Center for Technology and Society FGV Direito Rio. Ronaldo Lemos is the head professor of Intellectual Property law at FGV Law School, and director of the Center for Technology and Society.  He is also the director of the Creative Commons Brazil and member of the Board of iCommons.  He has earned his LL.B. and LL.D. from the University of Sao Paulo, and his LL.M. from Harvard Law School.  He is the author of three books, including “Direito, Tecnologia e Cultura,” published by FGV Press, 2005, and “Tecnobrega”, published in 2008. He coordinates various projects, such as the Cultura Livre project, and the Open Business Project, an international initiative taking place in Brazil, Nigeria, Chile, Mexico, South Africa and the UK.  He is one of the founders of Overmundo, winner of the Digital Communities Golden Nica, granted by the Prix Ars Electronica 2007.  He writes weekly for Folha de Sao Paulo, a major newspaper in Brazil.


Susana Abrantes, FGV Opinion
Olívia Bandeira, Overmundo Institute
Thiago Camelo, FGV Opinion
Alex Dent, Department of Anthropology, George Washington University
Joe Karaganis, Program Director, Social Science Research Council
Eduardo Magrani, Center for Technology and Society, FGV
Sabrina Pato, FGV Opinion
Elizete Ignácio dos Santos, FGV Opinion
Marcelo Simas, FGV Opinion
Pedro Souza, FGV Opinion

Chapter 6: Mexico

John C. Cross.  Cross is a sociologist who has published widely on the political struggles of street vendors and other members of the urban poor in Mexico City and elsewhere. His research in Mexico City began with studies of vendor organizations, including several in Tepito, in his Ph.D. dissertation. He became interested in the phenomena of piracy when he noticed the neighborhood shifting dramatically from the sale of electronic goods to piracy in the late 1990s.

Chapter 7: Bolivia

Henry Stobart, Senior Lecturer, Royal Holloway University of London, UK.  Stobart is also the founder and coordinator of the UK Latin American Music Seminar, Associate Fellow of the Institute for the Study of the Americas, and former Committee Member of the British Forum for Ethnomusicology. He studied tuba and recorder at Birmingham Conservatoire, performed with a number of baroque ensembles, and taught music in several schools, before completing a PhD (1996) at St John’s College, Cambridge focused on the music of a Quechua speaking herding and agricultural community of Northern Potosí, Bolivia. He is active as a professional performer with the Early/World Music ensemble SIRINU, who have given hundreds of concerts and recorded on many European radio networks since their first Early Music Network tour in 1992. His current research focuses on indigenous music VCD (DVD) production, music ‘piracy’, and cultural politics in the Bolivian Andes.

Chapter 8: India

Lawrence Liang, Lawyer, Alternative Law Forum: LawrenceLiang, a graduate from National Law School subsequently pursued his Masters degree in Warwick, England on a Chevening Scholarship. His key areas of interest are law, technology and culture, the politics of copyright and he has been working closely with Sarai, New Delhi on a joint research project of Intellectual Property and the Knowledge/Culture Commons. A keen follower of the open source movement in software, Lawrence has been working on ways of translating the open source ideas into the cultural domain.

Ravi Sundaram, Co-Director, Sarai: Ravi Sundaram was one of the initiators of the Sarai program of the Center for the Study of Developing Societies, which he co-directs with his colleague Ravi Vasudevan. Ravi Sundaram’s work rests at the intersection of the postcolonial city and contemporary media experiences. Sundaram’s work has looked at the phenomenon that he calls ‘pirate modernity’, an illicit form of urbanism that draws from media and technological infrastructures of the postcolonial city. He is a Visiting Faculty at the Department of Urban Design, School of Planning and Architecture in Delhi. He recently published Pirate Modernity: Media Urbanism in Delhi (2009) and is finishing two edited volumes, No Limits: Media Studies from India and Delhi’s Twentieth Century, both from Oxford University Press.


Siddharth Chadha, Alternative Law Forum, Bangalore
Prashant Iyengar, Alternative Law Forum, Bangalore
Nupur Jain, PhD Candidate, Cinema Studies, School of Arts and Aesthetics, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi
Jinying Li, PhD Candidate, Department of Cinema Studies, Tisch School of the Arts, New York University
Abkar Zaidi, Economist and Independent Scholar, Karachi, Pakistan

Coda: Book Piracy

Bodó Balázs, PhD, Researcher, Budapest University of Technology and Economics. Economist Bodó Balázs (1975) has been an assistant lecturer and researcher at the Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Department of Sociology and Communications, Center for Media Research and Education since 2001. He was a Fulbright Visiting Researcher at Stanford Law School in 2006/7. He is a Fellow at the Center for Internet and Society at Stanford and is the project lead for Creative Commons Hungary.

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Many people provided generous help as sources or reviewers for this project.  We would particularly like to acknowledge:

Robert Bauer, Director of Strategic Planning, MPAA
Shamnad Basheer, National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata, India
Pria Chetty, Principal Attorney, Chetty Law, South Africa
David Cross, Department of Film and Media Studies, National University of Mexico
Willie Currie, Research Director, Association for Progressive Communications
Maria Haigh, Department of Communications, University of Wisconsin
Kathryn Hendly, Department of Political Science, University of Wisconsin
Alex Kochis, FiveBy Solutions, United States
Ramon Lobato, Swindburne University, Australia
Boris Mamlyuk, Ohio Northern University
William Pomeranz, Deputy Director, Kennan Institute, Washington, DC
Igor Pozhitkov, IFPI Russia
Andrew Rens, SJD Candidate, Duke University, Attorney (High Court of South Africa)
Tobias Schonwetter, Intellectual Property Research Unit, University of Cape Town

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On the production and management side, we owe thanks to:

Alyson Metzger, heroic editing and copy editing.
Rosten Woo, print and web design.
Mark Swindle, illustrations and layout
Jaewon Chung, project management
Mary-Catherine Moran, proof reading

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Spanish Translation

Guillermo Sabanes, translator.  Sabanes graduated in theology at ISEDET, worked as a journalist and as a free-lance translator, writer and editor for some of the main publishers in the Spanish speaking world. Blogger, specializes in personal growth, spirituality, body-mind connection, and social awareness. He lives in Patagonia, Argentina.

Clio E. Bugel, translator.  Licenciada en filosofía y traductora. Desde 1998, trabaja como curadora de arte independiente y traductora free-lance para ONG internacionales que se dedican a cuestiones de desarrollo social (Agencia de noticias IPS, ITeM y APC, especialmente enfocada en las TIC y el desarrollo) . Desde 2010 coordina el Area de Artes Visuales del Ministerio de Educación y Cultura de Uruguay y, en 2011, fue curadora de Uruguay en la Bienal de Venecia.

Geraldine Juárez, copy editor.  Geraldine is a mexican artist, blogger and activist who researches and documents the tension between intellectual property law and the culture of copy. She developed her practice and interest in property, culture and the internet during her Senior Fellowship at Eyebeam  Center for Art Technology in New York . She is a member of the art collective Free Art and Technology and conducts artistic research focused on 3d printing and digital fabrication technologies at Mejk in Sweden.)

Russian Translation

Anatoly Kozerev, MIPT Moscow