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Media Piracy in Emerging Economies is the first independent, large-scale study of music, film and software piracy in emerging economies, with a focus on Brazil, India, Russia, South Africa, Mexico and Bolivia.
Based on three years of work by some thirty-five researchers, Media Piracy in Emerging Economies tells two overarching stories: one tracing the explosive growth of piracy as digital technologies became cheap and ubiquitous around the world, and another following the growth of industry lobbies that have reshaped laws and law enforcement around copyright protection. The report argues that these efforts have largely failed, and that the problem of piracy is better conceived as a failure of affordable access to media in legal markets.
- Prices are too high. High prices for media goods, low incomes, and cheap digital technologies are the main ingredients of global media piracy. Relative to local incomes in Brazil, Russia, or South Africa, the retail price of a CD, DVD, or copy of MS Office is five to ten times higher than in the US or Europe. Legal media markets are correspondingly tiny and underdeveloped.
- Competition is good. The chief predictor of low prices in legal media markets is the presence of strong domestic companies that compete for local audiences and consumers. In the developing world, where global film, music, and software companies dominate the market, such conditions are largely absent.
- Antipiracy education has failed. The authors find no significant stigma attached to piracy in any of the countries examined. Rather, piracy is part of the daily media practices of large and growing portions of the population.
- Changing the law is easy. Changing the practice is hard. Industry lobbies have been very successful at changing laws to criminalize these practices, but largely unsuccessful at getting governments to apply them. There is, the authors argue, no realistic way to reconcile mass enforcement and due process, especially in countries with severely overburdened legal systems.
- Criminals can’t compete with free. The study finds no systematic links between media piracy and organized crime or terrorism in any of the countries examined. Today, commercial pirates and transnational smugglers face the same dilemma as the legal industry: how to compete with free.
- Enforcement hasn’t worked. After a decade of ramped up enforcement, the authors can find no impact on the overall supply of pirated goods.
English Version by Chapter
Introduction (6 pp.)
Chapter 1: Rethinking Piracy Joe Karaganis (74 pp.)
Chapter 2: Networked Governance Joe Karaganis and Sean Flynn (24 pp.)
Chapter 3: South Africa Natasha Primo and Libby Lloyd (50 pp.)
Chapter 4: Russia Olga Sezneva and Joe Karaganis (70 pp.)
Chapter 5: Brazil Pedro N. Mizukami, Oona Castro, Luiz Fernando Moncau, and Ronaldo Lemos (86 pp.)
Chapter 6: Mexico John C. Cross (22 pp.)
Chapter 7: Bolivia Henry Stobart (12 pp.)
Chapter 8: India Lawrence Liang and Ravi Sundaram (60 pp.)
Coda: A Short History of Book Piracy Bodó Balázs (14 pp.)
Versión en español
Capítulo 1: Repensar la piratería Joe Karaganis
Capítulo 2: Red de gestión y USTR Joe Karaganis and Sean Flynn
Capítulo 3: Sudáfrica Natasha Primo and Libby Lloyd
Capítulo 4: Rusia Olga Sezneva and Joe Karaganis
Capítulo 5: Brasil Pedro N. Mizukami, Oona Castro, Luiz Fernando Moncau, and Ronaldo Lemos
Capítulo 6: Mexico John C. Cross
Capítulo 7: Bolivia Henry Stobart
Capítulo 8: India Lawrence Liang and Ravi Sundaram
Russian Version by Chapter
Глава 1: Переосмысление пиратства Joe Karaganis
Глава 2: Сетевое управление и USTR Joe Karaganis and Sean Flynn
Глава 3: Южная Африка Natasha Primo and Libby Lloyd
Глава 4: Россия Olga Sezneva and Joe Karaganis
Глава 5: Бразилия Pedro N. Mizukami, Oona Castro, Luiz Fernando Moncau, and Ronaldo Lemos
Глава 6: Мексика John Cross
Глава 7: Боливия Henry Stobart
Глава 8: Индия Lawrence Liang and Ravi Sundaram
Media Piracy Author Bios and Acknowledgements
Media Piracy in Emerging Economies is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.